Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Insulinoma and islet cell hyperplasia: value of the calcium intraarterial stimulation test when findings of other preoperative studies are negative.

Radiology 1998 March
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of the intraarterial calcium test in localizing sources of hyperinsulinism that remain undetectable at preoperative morphologic studies.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four patients with clinically proved endogenous hyperinsulinism due to tumorous insulin production were prospectively enrolled. They underwent ultrasound (US), computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, endoscopic US, abdominal arteriography, and a calcium test, in which insulin concentrations were measured in hepatic venous blood after selective intraarterial calcium stimulation. The results of the calcium test in seven patients (five women, two men; age range, 30-66 years; mean age, 47 years) with negative findings of morphologic studies are described.

RESULTS: Six solitary insulinomas (mean diameter, 0.73 cm) and one nodular hyperplasia were diagnosed after surgery. In all seven cases, calcium test findings allowed accurate localization of the pathologic source of insulin secretion. In three of these seven cases, results of arterial calcium stimulation with hepatic venous sampling (ASVS) affected intraoperative management. An increase in insulin concentration after stimulation in the hepatic artery was not observed, making hepatic metastases unlikely.

CONCLUSION: ASVS, which is procedurally simpler than transhepatic pancreatic venous sampling, is effective for localizing sources of hyperinsulinism not detected with preoperative morphologic studies.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app