Laparoscopic cholecystectomy in cirrhotic patients

Y Y Jan, M F Chen
Hepato-gastroenterology 1997, 44 (18): 1584-7

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Laparoscopic and open cholecystectomy are the safest procedures for all diseases related to stones in the gallbladder as they have a low morbidity and mortality rate. However, the safety of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in cirrhotic patients has not been investigated. The goal of this study was to evaluate the safety of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in cirrhotic patients.

METHODOLOGY: A retrospective study of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in cirrhotic versus non-cirrhotic patients was performed. Between January 1991 and November 1994, 605 laparoscopic cholecystectomies for symptomatic gallbladder diseases were performed. There were 21 patients in the cirrhotic (group A) and 584 patients in the non-cirrhotic (group B).

RESULTS: There was no operative mortality in either group and the postoperative complication rates were 4.8% and 5.8% in group A and B, respectively (p > 0.05). Prolonged operative time in group A was 84.47 +/- 36.01 min vs group B 62.20 +/- 25.37 min (p < 0.01). The estimated intraoperative blood loss in group A was larger than in group B (140.76 +/- 201.19 ml vs 35.02 +/- 50.11 ml, p < 0.01). The readmission rate was higher in group A (9.5%) than in group B (1.37%) (p < 0.05). The hospital stay in group A and B were 4.12 +/- 2.15 D, 3.50 +/- 1.50 D respectively (p > 0.05). The incidence of conversion and re-operation rates indicated no difference between cirrhotic and non-cirrhotic groups.

CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy can be safely performed in mild cirrhotic patients with more operative times and meticulous management of intraoperative bleeding.

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