JOURNAL ARTICLE

Mutations of the MEN1 tumor suppressor gene in pituitary tumors

Z Zhuang, S Z Ezzat, A O Vortmeyer, R Weil, E H Oldfield, W S Park, S Pack, S Huang, S K Agarwal, S C Guru, P Manickam, L V Debelenko, M B Kester, S E Olufemi, C Heppner, J S Crabtree, A L Burns, A M Spiegel, S J Marx, S C Chandrasekharappa, F S Collins, M R Emmert-Buck, L A Liotta, S L Asa, I A Lubensky
Cancer Research 1997 December 15, 57 (24): 5446-51
9407947
Although pituitary adenomas are monoclonal proliferations, somatic mutations involving genes that govern cell proliferation or hormone production have been difficult to identify. The genetic etiology of most pituitary tumors, therefore, remains unknown. Pituitary adenomas can develop sporadically or as a part of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1). Recently, the gene responsible for MEN1 was cloned. To elucidate the potential etiological role of the MEN1 gene in pituitary tumorigenesis, 39 sporadic pituitary adenomas from 38 patients and 1 pituitary adenoma from a familial MEN1 patient were examined for MEN1 gene mutations and allelic deletions. Four of 39 sporadic pituitary adenomas showed a deletion of one copy of the MEN1 gene, and a specific MEN1 gene mutation in the remaining gene copy was detected in 2 of these tumors. The corresponding germ-line sequence was normal in all sporadic cases. A specific MEN1 mutation was detected in a pituitary adenoma and corresponding germ-line DNA in a patient with familial MEN1. An allelic deletion of the remaining copy of the MEN1 gene was also found in the patient's tumor. Genetic alterations of the MEN1 gene represent a candidate pathogenetic mechanism of pituitary tumorigenesis. The data suggest that somatic MEN1 gene mutations and deletions play a causative role in the development of a subgroup of sporadic pituitary adenomas.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
9407947
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"