Cilostazol, a cAMP phosphodiesterase inhibitor, attenuates the production of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 in response to tumor necrosis factor-alpha in vascular endothelial cells

Y Nishio, A Kashiwagi, N Takahara, H Hidaka, R Kikkawa
Hormone and Metabolic Research 1997, 29 (10): 491-5
The induction of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) in vascular endothelial cells is thought to be an initial event in the development of atherosclerotic lesions. Therefore, inhibition of MCP-1 production may exhibit some effects in preventing atherosclerosis. In the present study, we found that 10 microM cilostazol, a cAMP phosphodiesterase inhibitor, increased the intracellular cAMP content by a twenty-five times of the basal level and resulted in the reduction of basal MCP-1 release by 41% from 168 +/- 11 ng/24 hr/mg protein to 99 +/- 14 ng/24 hr/mg protein (P < 0.001) from cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Furthermore, 10 microM cilostazol also significantly attenuated the dose-dependent increment of MCP-1 production by tumor necrosis factor-alpha. The inhibition was consistent with the reduction of MCP-1 mRNA level, possibly through reduced activation of transcription factor NF-kappa B level. Similarly, 1 mM dibutyryl cAMP inhibited MCP-1 production in endothelial cells. These data suggest that cilostazol inhibits MCP-1 production through increased intracellular cAMP levels and modulation of its expression in vascular endothelial cells.

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