COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

The effect of erythropoietin on the transfusion requirements of preterm infants weighing 750 grams or less: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study

R K Ohls, J Harcum, K R Schibler, R D Christensen
Journal of Pediatrics 1997, 131 (5): 661-5
9403642

BACKGROUND: Clinical trials of erythropoietin (EPO) administration to preterm infants have not focused on infants weighing 750 gm or less, the population most likely to receive multiple transfusions because of large phlebotomy losses. It is unknown whether preterm infants weighing 750 gm or less will respond to EPO by accelerating erythropoiesis, or whether EPO administered to this population will decrease blood transfusions.

METHODS: We randomly assigned 28 extremely low birth weight preterm infants (mean +/- SEM: 24.7 +/- 0.3 weeks' gestation, 662 +/- 14 gm birth weight), in the first 72 hours of life, to receive either EPO (200 U/kg/day) or placebo for 14 days and administered transfusions only according to protocol over a 21-day study period. All infants received 1 mg/kg/day iron dextran in their total parenteral nutrition solution during the 14-day treatment period.

RESULTS: During the 21-day study period, a lower number and volume of transfusions were received by the EPO recipients (4.7 +/- 0.7 transfusions per patient and 70 +/- 11 ml/kg per patient) than by the placebo recipients (7.5 +/- 1.1 transfusions per patient and 112 +/- 17 ml/kg per patient; p < 0.05, EPO vs placebo), whereas hematocrits remained similar in the two groups. Reticulocyte counts were similar in both groups on day 1 but were greater in the EPO recipients on day 14 (EPO day 1, 351 +/- 53; EPO day 14, 359 +/- 40 x 10(3)/microl; placebo day 1, 334 +/- 64; placebo day 14, 120 +/- 10 x 10(3)/microl; p < 0.01, EPO vs placebo). Serum ferritin concentrations were similar in both groups at the beginning of the study but were greater in the placebo recipients by day 14 (EPO, 262 +/- 44 microg/L; placebo, 593 +/- 92 microg/L; p < 0.01). No adverse effects of EPO or iron were noted.

CONCLUSION: The combination of EPO and parenteral iron stimulates erythropoiesis in preterm infants weighing 750 gm or less and results in fewer transfusions during their first 3 weeks of life.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
9403642
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"