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Fresh osteochondral allografts for post-traumatic osteochondral defects of the knee.

We used fresh small-fragment osteochondral allografts to reconstruct post-traumatic osteochondral defects in 126 knees of 123 patients with a mean age of 35 years. At a mean follow-up of 7.5 years (2 to 20), 108 knees were rated as successful (85%) and 18 had failed (15%). The factors related to failure included age over 50 years (p = 0.008), bipolar defects (p < 0.05), malaligned knees with overstressing of the grafts, and workers' compensation cases (p < 0.04). Collapse of the graft by more than 3 mm and of the joint space of more than 50% were seen more frequently in radiographs of failed grafts. Our encouraging clinical results for fresh small-fragment osteochondral allografts show that they are indicated for unipolar post-traumatic osteochondral defects of the knee in young active patients.

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