"En masse" retraction of maxillary anterior teeth with anterior headgear

E Güray, M Orhan
American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 1997, 112 (5): 473-9
In the treatment of the first premolar extraction cases with certain techniques, incisor retraction is realized after canine distalization. In maximum anchorage cases, retraction of anterior segments require more posterior anchorage. This treatment concept is still valid, however, the difficult anchorage control is considered a major drawback. The purpose of this study is to introduce our technique for the "en masse" retraction of maxillary anterior teeth after first premolar extraction and discuss its effects. The technique consists of the application of extraoral traction on canines, followed by banding of maxillary anterior teeth, to form them as a mass. Advantages of our mechanics are as follows: (1) Anterior headgear may have the advantage of retracting anterior teeth with minimum strain on posterior anchorage. (2) The adjustability of the outer bow in relation to the premaxilla's center of resistance, provides effective desired movements. (3) Intrusion and torque control are achieved in the course of anterior segment retraction.

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