Dissociation between changes in intramyocardial function and left ventricular volumes in the eight weeks after first anterior myocardial infarction

C M Kramer, W J Rogers, T M Theobald, T P Power, G Geskin, N Reichek
Journal of the American College of Cardiology 1997, 30 (7): 1625-32

OBJECTIVES: We sought to examine the relation between regional changes in intramyocardial function and global left ventricular (LV) remodeling in the first 8 weeks after reperfused first anterior myocardial infarction (MI).

BACKGROUND: Because of limitations in imaging methods used to date, this relation has not been thoroughly evaluated.

METHODS: We studied 26 patients (21 men, 5 women; mean age 51 years) by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) on day 5 +/- 2 (mean +/- SD) and week 8 +/- 1 after their first anterior MI. All patients had single-vessel left anterior descending coronary artery disease and although they had received reperfusion therapy, all had regional LV dysfunction and an initial ejection fraction (EF) < or = 50%. Short-axis magnetic resonance tagging was performed spanning the LV. Percent intramyocardial circumferential shortening (%S) on a topographic basis, LV mass index, LV end-diastolic volume index (LVEDVI), LV end-systolic volume index and LV ejection fraction (LVEF) were measured.

RESULTS: Left ventricular mass index tended to decrease, whereas the LVEDVI increased from 82 +/- 24 to 96 +/- 27 ml/m2 (p = 0.002). Left ventricular end-systolic volume index remained unchanged, whereas LVEF increased from 39 +/- 12% to 45 +/- 14% (p = 0.002). Apical %S improved from 9 +/- 6% to 13 +/- 5% (p < 0.0001), as it did in the midanterior (6 +/- 6% to 10 +/- 7%, p < 0.02) and midseptal regions (8 +/- 7% to 12 +/- 6%, p < 0.02). Early dysfunction in remote midinferior and basal lateral regions resolved by 8 weeks. By multivariate analysis, the only significant predictor of an increase in LVEDVI over the study period was peak creatine kinase (p = 0.04).

CONCLUSIONS: In the first 8 weeks after a large, reperfused anterior MI, %S improved in the apex, midanterior and midseptal regions and normalized in remote noninfarct-related regions, but LV end-diastolic volumes also increased. This increased LVEDVI correlated with infarct size by peak creatine kinase and was not related to changes in global and regional LV function.

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