JOURNAL ARTICLE

Dissociation between changes in intramyocardial function and left ventricular volumes in the eight weeks after first anterior myocardial infarction

C M Kramer, W J Rogers, T M Theobald, T P Power, G Geskin, N Reichek
Journal of the American College of Cardiology 1997, 30 (7): 1625-32
9385886

OBJECTIVES: We sought to examine the relation between regional changes in intramyocardial function and global left ventricular (LV) remodeling in the first 8 weeks after reperfused first anterior myocardial infarction (MI).

BACKGROUND: Because of limitations in imaging methods used to date, this relation has not been thoroughly evaluated.

METHODS: We studied 26 patients (21 men, 5 women; mean age 51 years) by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) on day 5 +/- 2 (mean +/- SD) and week 8 +/- 1 after their first anterior MI. All patients had single-vessel left anterior descending coronary artery disease and although they had received reperfusion therapy, all had regional LV dysfunction and an initial ejection fraction (EF) < or = 50%. Short-axis magnetic resonance tagging was performed spanning the LV. Percent intramyocardial circumferential shortening (%S) on a topographic basis, LV mass index, LV end-diastolic volume index (LVEDVI), LV end-systolic volume index and LV ejection fraction (LVEF) were measured.

RESULTS: Left ventricular mass index tended to decrease, whereas the LVEDVI increased from 82 +/- 24 to 96 +/- 27 ml/m2 (p = 0.002). Left ventricular end-systolic volume index remained unchanged, whereas LVEF increased from 39 +/- 12% to 45 +/- 14% (p = 0.002). Apical %S improved from 9 +/- 6% to 13 +/- 5% (p < 0.0001), as it did in the midanterior (6 +/- 6% to 10 +/- 7%, p < 0.02) and midseptal regions (8 +/- 7% to 12 +/- 6%, p < 0.02). Early dysfunction in remote midinferior and basal lateral regions resolved by 8 weeks. By multivariate analysis, the only significant predictor of an increase in LVEDVI over the study period was peak creatine kinase (p = 0.04).

CONCLUSIONS: In the first 8 weeks after a large, reperfused anterior MI, %S improved in the apex, midanterior and midseptal regions and normalized in remote noninfarct-related regions, but LV end-diastolic volumes also increased. This increased LVEDVI correlated with infarct size by peak creatine kinase and was not related to changes in global and regional LV function.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
9385886
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"