[Risk factors and length of stay attributable to hospital infections of the urinary tract in general surgery patients]

M Medina, G Martínez-Gallego, M Sillero-Arenas, M Delgado-Rodríguez
Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica 1997, 15 (6): 310-4

BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the second frequent site of infection in surgical patients; nevertheless, its study has been frequently neglected. The main objective of this report is the analysis of risk factors for ITU in general surgery.

METHODS: A prospective study on 1,483 patients admitted at a service of general surgery for a 20-month study period has been carried out. The criteria used for diagnosing nosocomial were those of the CDC. Crude and adjusted for by logistic regression relative risks and its 95% confidence interval were estimated. To assess the length of stay attributable to UTI, infected patients were 1:1 matched with non-infected patients for surgical procedure, ASA score, age (+/- 10 years), emergency surgery, pre-operative stay, and urinary catheter.

RESULTS: 33 patients (2.2%) developed UTI. In crude analysis, UTI risk was significantly associated with urethral catheter (and its duration), advanced age, severity of illness (McCabe-Jackson scale, ASA score, number of diagnoses), type of surgical wound, intrinsic risk of infection (measured by the SENIC and NNIS indices). Stepwise logistic regression analysis selected three independent predictors: urethral catheter, age and pre-operative stay. All urinary drain-ages were open. UTI prolonged hospital stay 4.7 days (95% Cl 3.4-6.2). The use of closed drain-age systems would eliminate 6 UTIs. Assuming a cost per day of hospital stay of $250 the use of closed systems would save $7,000 (IC 95%, 5300-9300).

CONCLUSION: The use of closed systems for urethral catheters is cost-saving.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"