Revolutionary inventions in the 20th century. The history of endoscopy

T E Linder, D Simmen, S E Stool
Archives of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery 1997, 123 (11): 1161-3
Today, the wide variety of modern endoscopes allows routine diagnostic examinations. Precise observation is possible because of excellent optical and light transmission. Surgery can be performed while viewing a television screen, and video documentation and intraoperative photography are possible with outstanding quality. The invention of a rod-lens optical system by Harold H. Hopkins, PhD, in 1959 and the addition of fiberoptic light transmission by Karl Storz in 1960 marked a breakthrough in modern endoscopy. This article summarizes an interview with the instrument maker, Karl Storz.

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