Doppler tissue imaging: a noninvasive technique for evaluation of left ventricular relaxation and estimation of filling pressures

S F Nagueh, K J Middleton, H A Kopelen, W A Zoghbi, M A Quiñones
Journal of the American College of Cardiology 1997 November 15, 30 (6): 1527-33

OBJECTIVES: This investigation was designed 1) to assess whether the early diastolic velocity of the mitral annulus (Ea) obtained with Doppler tissue imaging (DTI) behaves as a preload-independent index of left ventricular (LV) relaxation; and 2) to evaluate the relation of the mitral E/Ea ratio to LV filling pressures.

BACKGROUND: Recent observations suggest that Ea is an index of LV relaxation that is less influenced by LV filling pressures.

METHODS: One hundred twenty-five study subjects were classified into three groups according to mitral E/A ratio, LV ejection fraction (LVEF) and clinical symptoms: 34 asymptomatic subjects with a normal LVEF and an E/A ratio > or =1; 40 with a normal LVEF, an E/A ratio <1 and no heart failure symptoms (impaired relaxation [IR]); and 51 with heart failure symptoms and an E/A ratio >1 (pseudonormal [PN]). Ea was derived from the lateral border of the annulus. A subset of 60 patients had invasive measurement of pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) simultaneous with Doppler echocardiographic DTI.

RESULTS: Ea was reduced in the IR and PN groups compared with the group of normal subjects: 5.8 +/- 1.5 and 5.2 +/- 1.4 vs. 12 +/- 2.8 cm/s, respectively (p < 0.001). Mean PCWP (20 +/- 8 mm Hg) related weakly to mitral E (r = 0.68) but not to Ea. The E/Ea ratio related well to PCWP (r = 0.87; PCWP = 1.24 [E/Ea] + 1.9), with a difference between Doppler and catheter measurements of 0.1 +/- 3.8 mm Hg.

CONCLUSIONS: Ea behaves as a preload-independent index of LV relaxation. Mitral E velocity, corrected for the influence of relaxation (i.e., the E/Ea ratio), relates well to mean PCWP and may be used to estimate LV filling pressures.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.