Assessment of timing right ventricular assist device withdrawal using left ventricular assist device filling characteristics

W A Mandarino, S Winowich, T A Gasior, S Pham, B P Griffith, R L Kormos
ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs 1997, 43 (5): M801-5
Right ventricular assist devices (RVAD) are often needed on a short term basis in patients who develop RV failure after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation. The purpose of this study was to use LVAD filling characteristics to help determine the timing for weaning a patient from RVAD support. Eleven patients (age 50 years +/- 15) supported with an LVAD (Novacor) and an RVAD (Biomedicus or ABIOMED) were studied. Eight patients (RV recovery group) were studied before RVAD removal and all were successfully weaned from RVAD support. Five patients (RV failure group) were studied at the time of RVAD placement to determine baseline characteristics of RV failure. Simultaneous measures of LVAD volume and routine hemodynamics were recorded during periods of high and low RVAD flow. The LVAD filling was assessed as the first derivative of LVAD volume and the mean filling rate for each cardiac cycle was calculated and averaged over 10 sec periods at both RVAD flows. The mean pump rate corrected filling rates did not change in the RV recovery group (89 +/- 13 vs. 87 +/- 8 ml/beat) and significantly decreased in the RV failure group (84 +/- 19 vs. 62 +/- 22 ml/ beat) (p < 0.001) with decreasing RVAD flow. These data suggest that LVAD filling rates may be used to assess RV systolic function and the proper timing of RVAD removal in selected patients.

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