Nitric oxide inhalation reduces pulmonary tidal volume during exercise in severe chronic heart failure

E A Bocchi, J O Auler, G V Guimarães, M J Carmona, M Wajngarten, G Bellotti, F Pileggi
American Heart Journal 1997, 134 (4): 737-44
Multiple mechanisms have been proposed to explain the hyperventilation and the limited exercise capacity in congestive heart failure (CHF) including increased intrapulmonary pressures, total pulmonary resistance, and airway abnormalities. We investigated the hypothesis that inhalation of nitric oxide could influence the maximum exercise capacity and excessive ventilatory response to exercise in CHF. Fifteen patients in CHF (mean age 48 +/- 12 years) underwent a control and a nitric oxide inhalation progressive treadmill exercise test with 30 ppm. We determined the maximum oxygen consumptiom (peak VO2), CO2 production (VCO2), minute pulmonary ventilation (VE), respiratory rate, tidal volume (VT), ventilatory equivalent for oxygen (VE/VO2), ventilatory equivalent for carbon dioxide (VE/VCO2), estimated physiologic dead space/tidal volume ratio (VD/VT), VE/VCO2 slope, heart rate, systemic arterial pressure, VE/exercise time slope, and VT/exercise time slope during every incremental exercise. Mean maximum exercise values of heart rate, systolic systemic arterial pressure, diastolic systemic arterial pressure, VD/VT, respiratory rate, peak VO2, VO2/heart rate, VE/CO2, and maximum exercise time were unchanged by inhalation of nitric oxide. There was a strong trend toward reduction of VE/VO2 from 53 +/- 15 to 47 +/- 12 (p = 0.051) and in maximum VE from 58 +/- 21 to 48 +/- 17 L x min(-1) (p = 0.059). Maximum VT decreased from 1639 +/- 556 to 1406 +/- 479 ml (p = 0.04). The VE/VCO2 slope was reduced from 43 +/- 12 to 35 +/- 8 (p = 0.018). Two patients had signs of pulmonary congestion during peak exercise or the recovery period with inhalation of nitric oxide. The VE/exercise time slope and VT/exercise time slope during incremental exercise were reduced by inhalation of nitric oxide, demonstrating a statistically significant minor increase in VE and VT. Inhalation of nitric oxide attenuated the excessive increase in VT response to exercise in CHF. The L-arginine-nitric oxide pathway may be involved in mechanisms contributing to hyperventilation during exercise in CHF.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"