Bile acid profiles in a peroxisomal D-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydratase/D-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase bifunctional protein deficiency

M Une, M Konishi, Y Suzuki, S Akaboshi, M Yoshii, T Kuramoto, K Fujimura
Journal of Biochemistry 1997, 122 (3): 655-8
Bile acid profiles in serum, urine and bile from an infant with a peroxisomal D-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydratase/D-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase bifunctional protein (D-bifunctional protein) deficiency were analyzed by means of gas-liquid chromatography, gas-liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, and high-performance liquid chromatography. As in such several peroxisomal disorders as Zellweger syndrome, neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy, and infantile Refsum disease, the accumulation of C27-bile acid intermediates was also demonstrated in the infant with D-bifunctional protein deficiency, accounting for 74% of the total bile acids in serum, 59% in urine, and 35% in bile. In addition, the major constituents of the C27-bile acids were (24R,25R)- and (24R,25S)-3alpha,7alpha,12alpha,24-tetrahydroxy-5be ta-cholestanoic acids along with small amounts of their 24S counterparts. Since immunoreactive acyl-CoA oxidase, L-bifunctional protein, and thiolase were all present in the liver, the impairment of the oxidative side-chain cleavage in bile acid biosynthesis is considered to be due to the defect of D-bifunctional protein.

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