Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Factors predicting a successful outcome after pharmacologic bowel compensation.

Annals of Surgery 1997 September
OBJECTIVES: The authors determined those factors that predict a successful outcome in patients who receive pharmacologic agents to promote bowel absorption after massive intestinal resection.

SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Patients with the short bowel syndrome are maintained on long-term total parenteral nutrition (TPN) or more frequently considered for intestinal transplantation as part of their treatment program. The authors have administered a combination of trophic agents and a specialized diet to further enhance intestinal compensation and optimize nutrient absorption in patients with intestinal failure.

METHODS: Forty-five TPN-dependent adults with a jejunal-ileal remnant < or = 50 cm and a portion of colon in continuity were treated with growth hormone, glutamine, and a modified diet for 4 weeks and observed for an average of 1.8 years.

RESULTS: The average age of the patients was 43 years, the average jejunal-ileal length was 23 cm, and the average length of time the patient received TPN was 4.3 years. After 4 weeks of therapy, 26 (58%) were free of TPN support. Predictors of a favorable response included greater bowel length, lower body weight, and greater bowel length-body weight ratio. At follow-up, the percentage of patients who were not receiving TPN had fallen to 40%.

CONCLUSIONS: Approximately half of a group of patients, thought to have absorptive surface area inadequate to be independent of TPN support, can maintain themselves on enteral feedings after this intestinal rehabilitation program. Because of the risk, costs, and alterations in lifestyle associated with long-term TPN or intestinal transplantation or both, it seems prudent to consider a program of bowel rehabilitation with an individual patient before embarking on another therapeutic plan.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app