Transmissions to mice indicate that 'new variant' CJD is caused by the BSE agent

M E Bruce, R G Will, J W Ironside, I McConnell, D Drummond, A Suttie, L McCardle, A Chree, J Hope, C Birkett, S Cousens, H Fraser, C J Bostock
Nature 1997 October 2, 389 (6650): 498-501
There are many strains of the agents that cause transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) or 'prion' diseases. These strains are distinguishable by their disease characteristics in experimentally infected animals, in particular the incubation periods and neuropathology they produce in panels of inbred mouse strains. We have shown that the strain of agent from cattle affected by bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) produces a characteristic pattern of disease in mice that is retained after experimental passage through a variety of intermediate species. This BSE 'signature' has also been identified in transmissions to mice of TSEs of domestic cats and two exotic species of ruminant, providing the first direct evidence for the accidental spread of a TSE between species. Twenty cases of a clinically and pathologically atypical form of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), referred to as 'new variant' CJD (vCJD), have been recognized in unusually young people in the United Kingdom, and a further case has been reported in France. This has raised serious concerns that BSE may have spread to humans, putatively by dietary exposure. Here we report the interim results of transmissions of sporadic CJD and vCJD to mice. Our data provide strong evidence that the same agent strain is involved in both BSE and vCJD.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"