JOURNAL ARTICLE
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

MR of epidermoids with a variety of pulse sequences.

PURPOSE: To assess the usefulness of fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) and constructive interference in steady state (CISS) sequences in depicting epidermoid tumors.

METHODS: Six patients with surgically confirmed epidermoid tumors in the subarachnoid space were examined with T1-weighted MR imaging with a spin-echo sequence, and with T2- and proton density-weighted imaging with a fast spin-echo sequence, a FLAIR sequence, and a CISS sequence. In the qualitative analysis, three observers compared the five sequences for visibility of tumors and presence of artifacts. A quantitative analysis was also performed by measuring the contrast-to-noise ratio.

RESULTS: On visual assessment, the FLAIR sequence depicted all tumors as hyperintense relative to cerebrospinal fluid. The CISS sequence depicted all tumors as hypointense relative to cerebrospinal fluid and was considered to show tumor extension better than the FLAIR sequence. At quantitative analysis, the mean contrast-to-noise ratios of tumor to cerebrospinal fluid on T1-, T2-, and proton density-weighted images, and on FLAIR and CISS sequences were 2.85, 3.41, 4.42, 16.13, and 20.23, respectively. The contrast-to-noise ratios for the FLAIR and CISS sequences were significantly higher than those for the T1-, T2-, and proton density-weighted sequences. The contrast-to-noise ratio was not significantly different between FLAIR and CISS sequences, although the CISS sequence was slightly superior.

CONCLUSION: CISS and FLAIR sequences depicted epidermoid tumors in the subarachnoid spaces better than conventional spin-echo images did. The CISS sequence produced a relatively constant contrast between the tumors and less artifactual interference.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app