Gianotti-Crosti syndrome associated with Epstein-Barr virus infection

B Hofmann, H C Schuppe, O Adams, H G Lenard, P Lehmann, T Ruzicka
Pediatric Dermatology 1997, 14 (4): 273-7
Gianotti-Crosti syndrome (GCS) is a distinct exanthematic, acrolocated eruption of childhood caused by a variety of infectious agents. Historically hepatitis B antigen positive (HBsAG+) papular acrodermatitis of childhood and HBsAg negative (HBsAg-) papulovesicular acrolocated syndrome have been distinguished. Here we characterize the spectrum of associated infectious agents in seven patients with confirmed GCS seen in our departments in the years 1994-1995. Where available, stored frozen serum samples were reanalyzed for antiviral antibodies. The mean age of the two girls and five boys was 22.5 months with a range of 8 to 53 months. None of the patients was HBsAG+. Four patients showed serologic evidence of an acute infection and one patient of a recent Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. In two additional children vaccination preceded the appearance of GCS. In these two patients serologic investigations revealed no evidence of recent infection with most common viruses. Our results underline the role of viral infections other than hepatitis B in the etiology of GCS. EBV infection was the most commonly associated viral disease in our population. We agree with other authors that we should avoid using the terms papular acrodermatitis of childhood and papulovesicular acrolocated syndrome in describing HBsAg+ and HBsAg- forms of GCS.

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