Inverse correlation between IgG-antihinge region and antierythrocyte autoantibody in chronic benign and malignant cold agglutination

P Terness, M Kirschfink, D Navolan, L Moroder, F Siedler, D Drugarin, F Schneider, C Dufter, I Kohl, M Welschof, G Opelz, D Roelcke
Journal of Clinical Immunology 1997, 17 (3): 220-7
Previous reports provided evidence of an immunosuppressive role of natural anti-F(ab')2 antibodies. If suppressive anti-F(ab')2 antibodies also regulated the autoantibody production in cold agglutination, one would expect high titers of anti-F(ab')2 to be associated with low titers of cold agglutinins. Indeed, our previous studies revealed an inverse correlation between IgG-anti-F(ab')2 and cold agglutinins. Many previous experiments focused on anti-F(ab')2 of an antiidiotypic nature. Recent epitope mapping showed that anti-F(ab')2 of healthy persons is not an antiidiotype but recognizes a hinge region sequence. We attempted to answer the question whether this IgG-antihinge antibody is responsible for the previously described association between anti-F(ab')2 and cold agglutinins. IgG-antihinge and IgG-anti-F(ab')2 antibody was determined and statistically analyzed in the serum of 334 patients with cold agglutination. Our experiments revealed a strong correlation between the concentrations of antihinge and the previously described anti-F(ab')2 antibody. The anti-F(ab')2 activity was competitively inhibited by a synthetic hinge peptide. Moreover, patients with high antihinge titers had low cold agglutinin titers, and vice versa. A stratification according to cold agglutinin specificity and disease etiology showed that the inverse correlation is present only in anti-I and anti-i patients suffering from monoclonal B-lymphocyte proliferation. In conclusion, our results confirm the correlation previously described for anti-F(ab')2 antibody and antierythrocyte autoantibody and define for the first time an association between an idiotype-independent anti-IgG autoantibody and cold agglutinin.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.