JOURNAL ARTICLE

Hormone replacement therapy does not augment gains in muscle strength or fat-free mass in response to weight-bearing exercise

M Brown, S J Birge, W M Kohrt
Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences 1997, 52 (3): B166-70
9158551
Lower extremity strength and fat-free mass were examined in 58 postmenopausal women aged 60-72 yr. Subjects were studied before and after an 11-mo control period (n = 16) or before and after an 11-mo weight-bearing exercise training program designed to generate relatively high ground reaction forces (n = 42). Twenty-two of the exercisers initiated hormone replacement therapy (HRT) at the outset of exercise and continued HRT for 11 mo. Hip extension and abduction strength were assessed using a hand-held dynamometer. Force production during knee extension and flexion was evaluated on an isokinetic dynamometer at 60, 90, and 180 degrees/s. Simultaneous knee and hip extension strength was also assessed on a leg press machine. Total body and lower extremity fat-free mass were determined using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. There were no significant changes in muscle strength or body composition in control subjects. Both exercise groups had significant increases in fat-free mass and in all strength measures. Fat-free mass increased from 38.8 +/- 4.3 to 39.7 +/- 4.3 kg in the exercise group and from 37.7 +/- 3.9 to 38.9 +/- 4.6 kg in the exercise-plus-HRT group. The average relative increase in strength was 16.2 +/- 11.0% in the exercise group and 17.0 +/- 13.0% in the exercise-plus-HRT group. Women receiving HRT did not have a gain in fat-free mass or in strength over and above that demonstrated by the women not on HRT. Our results provide evidence that HRT does not augment the increases in muscle mass or strength that occur in response to weight-bearing exercise in older women.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
9158551
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"