COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

Comparison of continuous epidural infusion of fentanyl and bupivacaine with intermittent epidural administration of morphine for postoperative pain management in children

T Kart, S Walther-Larsen, T F Svejborg, V Feilberg, K Eriksen, M Rasmussen
Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 1997, 41 (4): 461-5
9150772

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare epidural infusion of bupivacaine and fentanyl and intermittent epidural morphine with regard to analgesic effect, and incidence and severity of side effects in children undergoing major abdominal or genito-urological surgery in order to improve the postoperative pain management of children.

METHODS: A double-blind, block-randomised study design was used. Thirty-one children aged 3 months to 6 years undergoing major abdominal or genito-urological surgery were studied. After induction of anaesthesia a lumbar epidural catheter was placed at L3-4 or L4-5. Postoperatively, the children received either 30 micrograms/kg of morphine every 8 h or a continuous infusion of fentanyl 2 micrograms/ml and bupivacaine 1.0 mg/ml at a rate of 0.25 ml.kg-1.h-1. All children additionally received rectal paracetamol in doses of 50-100 mg.kg-1.d-1 on a regular basis, and amol in doses of 50-100 mg.kg-1.d-1 on a regular basis, and if necessary supplementary intravenous morphine in doses of 50 micrograms/kg. Postoperatively, pain, administration of supplemental morphine and side effects were recorded 5 times by one observer during the day of surgery and the first postoperative day. All children had an epidural catheter throughout the study period.

RESULTS: Both regimens provided effective analgesia, but significantly better pain relief was obtained in children receiving the fentanyl/bupivacaine regimen. Sedation, pruritus, vomiting, and administration of antiemetics were seen in both treatment groups, and even though both the incidence and severity of side effects tended to be higher in children receiving morphine, no statistically significant difference was found. No episodes of respiratory depression or motor blockade were noticed.

CONCLUSIONS: Continuous epidural infusion of fentanyl and bupivacaine was found to be superior to intermittent epidural morphine. The initial regimen should be fentanyl 2 micrograms/ml and bupivacaine 1.0 mg/ml infused at a rate of 0.25 ml.kg-1.h-1.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
9150772
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"