JOURNAL ARTICLE

Complications following mucous cyst excision

G R Fritz, P J Stern, M Dickey
Journal of Hand Surgery: Journal of the British Society for Surgery of the Hand 1997, 22 (2): 222-5
9149992
Eighty-six mucous cysts in 79 patients were surgically excised. Follow-up was carried out at an average of 2.6 years. Fifteen digits (17%) had a residual loss of extension of 5 to 20 degrees at the IP or DIP joints. One patient developed a superficial infection and two developed a DIP pyarthrosis, which eventually required DIP arthrodesis. Nail deformities were present in 25 of 86 digits preoperatively (29%), 15 of which resolved after surgery (60%). Four of 61 digits developed a nail deformity which was not present preoperatively (7%). Three of 86 digits (3%) developed recurrence. Other complications included persistent swelling, pain, numbness, stiffness, and radial or ulnar deviation at the DIP joint. We recommend that patients be informed preoperatively of the potential risks of decreased range of motion, persistent swelling and pain, infection, recurrence, and persistent or postoperatively acquired nail deformity.

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