Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
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Transmission of parvovirus B19 by coagulation factor concentrates exposed to 100 degrees C heat after lyophilization.

Transfusion 1997 May
BACKGROUND: Double inactivation by solvent/detergent treatment plus heating at 100 degrees C for 30 minutes after lyophilization has been adopted to improve viral safety of factor VIII and factor IX concentrates, particularly with respect to non-lipid-enveloped viruses. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety of concentrates exposed to these virucidal methods.

STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Twenty-six previously untreated hemophiliacs, 19 with factor VIII deficiency and 7 with factor IX deficiency, were investigated in a prospective multicenter study over a 12-month follow-up period by the use of serologic and virologic markers for lipid- and non-lipid-enveloped viruses (human immunodeficiency virus types 1 and 2; hepatitis A, B, and C viruses; B19 parvovirus antibodies; and B19 DNA). Overall, 270,000 U of factor VIII and 102,000 U of factor IX concentrate were administered during the study period.

RESULTS: None of the 26 patients seroconverted for human immunodeficiency virus or hepatitis C virus. Hepatitis B virus markers remained negative in the 10 unvaccinated hemophiliacs. No hepatitis A virus seroconversion occurred among 17 susceptible patients. B19 seroconversion (IgM) and B19 viremia were observed within 2 weeks of the first concentrate infusion in 8 of 15 susceptible patients, 5 of 11 treated with factor VIII and 3 of 4 with factor IX concentrate.

CONCLUSION: This prospective study indicates that very high temperatures applied to lyophilized concentrates appear to prevent the transmission of hepatitis A virus to hemophiliacs. However, B19 parvovirus still contaminates concentrates despite the use of this robust virucidal method.

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