Expression of mRNA for brain-derived neurotrophic factor in the dorsal root ganglion following peripheral inflammation

H J Cho, S Y Kim, M J Park, D S Kim, J K Kim, M Y Chu
Brain Research 1997 February 28, 749 (2): 358-62
It is well known that the nerve growth factor (NGF) may serve as a link between inflammation and hyperalgesia. Recent experiments showed that systemic injection of NGF dramatically stimulated the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) mRNA in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG). In the present study, we evaluated the change of BDNF mRNA in the DRG following peripheral inflammation and also observed colocalization of BDNF and trkA mRNAs by means of in situ hybridization histochemistry in rats. Peripheral tissue inflammation produced by an intraplantar injection of Freund's adjuvant into the paws significantly increased BDNF mRNA levels in the DRG and many neurons expressing trkA mRNA showed increased expession of BDNF mRNA. Intraplantar injection of antibody to NGF together with Freund's adjuvant prevented the increase in BDNF mRNA. These findings suggest that peripheral inflammation induces an increased expression of BDNF mRNA which is mediated by NGF in DRG.

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