JOURNAL ARTICLE

Differential intestinal microvascular dysfunction occurs during bacteremia

D A Spain, M A Wilson, R J Krysztopik, P J Matheson, R N Garrison
Journal of Surgical Research 1997, 67 (1): 67-71
9070184
Altered vascular responsiveness is the hallmark of septic shock. Recently, these changes have frequently been attributed to increased production of nitric oxide (NO). Continued exposure to high levels of NO may alter both endothelial and vascular smooth muscle cell function. Although ex vivo studies demonstrate hyporeactivity of large conduit arteries during established sepsis, it is unclear if the same phenomena exist during early sepsis. This is especially true in the small resistance arterioles of the viscera. We used in vivo microscopy of the rat small intestine to assess (1) endothelial-dependent relaxation and vasomotion (periodic contraction and relaxation of blood vessels) in response to acetylcholine (ACH; 10(-8) to 10(-5) M), (2) endothelial-independent relaxation to nitroprusside (NTP; 10(-5) M), and (3) vascular smooth muscle response to norepinephrine (NE; 10(-10) to 10(-7) M) in normal and bacteremic rats (Escherichia coli). There were no alterations in endothelial-dependent or -independent relaxation during bacteremia as measured by mean diameters. However, acute E. coli bacteremia severely impaired vasomotion in A1 (inflow) and A3 (premucosal) arterioles. Vasomotion was returned to baseline levels in A1 with low-dose ACH (10(-8) M) but only partially improved in A3 arterioles (P < 0.05). A1 response to NE was impaired, while A3 were minimally altered despite being more sensitive to E. coli-induced vasoconstriction. These data suggest that bacteremia causes a rapid, differential impairment of both endothelial-dependent (A3 vasomotion) and vascular smooth muscle cell (A1 constriction) functions. These microvascular impairments occur much earlier than previously described and may contribute to sepsis-induced mucosal ischemia of the intestines.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
9070184
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"