JOURNAL ARTICLE

Effect of CD34+ selection and various schedules of stem cell reinfusion and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor priming on hematopoietic recovery after high-dose chemotherapy for breast cancer

G Somlo, I Sniecinski, T Odom-Maryon, B Nowicki, W Chow, V Hamasaki, L Leong, K Margolin, R Morgan, J Raschko, S Shibata, M Tetef, A Molina, R J Berenson, S J Forman, J H Doroshow
Blood 1997 March 1, 89 (5): 1521-8
9057632
We evaluated the effects of various schedules of peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) reinfusion, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) priming, and CD34+ enrichment on hematopoietic recovery in 88 patients with advanced breast cancer treated with high-dose chemotherapy, consisting of cisplatin 250 mg/m2, etoposide 60 mg/kg, and cyclophosphamide 100 mg/kg. PBSC (> or = 7.5 x 10(8) nucleated cells/kg) were collected following priming with G-CSF and were either immediately cryopreserved (48 patients; cohorts A and B) or were first processed for CD34+ enrichment (40 patients; cohorts C and D). Patients in cohorts A and C received PBSC on day 0; patients in cohorts B and D received 25% of their nucleated cells on day -2 and 75% on day 0 (split reinfusion). Patients in cohorts A, B, and C were primed with G-CSF 10 micrograms/kg, subcutaneously (SC), once a day; patients in cohort D were primed with 5 micrograms/kg G-CSF, SC, twice daily (bid). Bid administration of G-CSF yielded 2.3 to 4.7 x higher numbers of CD34+ cells in the PBSC product than the same total dose given once a day (P = .002). Reinfusion of 25% of unselected PBSC on day -2 (median, 2.26 x 10(8)/kg nucleated cells [range, 1.7 to 3.3 x 10(8)/kg]) with the remaining cells reinfused on day 0 resulted in earlier granulocyte recovery to > or = 500/microL when compared with reinfusion of all stem cells on day 0 (group B, median of 8 days [range, 7 to 11] v group A, 10 days [range, 8 to 11], P = .0003); no schedule-dependent difference was noted in reaching platelet independence (group B, 11.5 days [range, 5 to 21]; group A, 12 days [range, 8 to 24], P = not significant). Split schedule reinfusion of CD34(+)-selected PBSC did not accelerate granulocyte recovery. In groups D and C, the median number of days to granulocyte recovery was 12 (range, 8 to 22) and 11.5 (range, 9 to 13); patients became platelet independent by day 15 (range, 6 to 22) and 14 (range, 12 to 23), respectively. CD34(+)-selected PBSC rescue decreased the incidence of postreinfusion nausea, emesis, and oxygen desaturation in comparison to unselected PBSC reinfusion (P < or = .005 for each). Hematopoietic recovery may be accelerated by earlier reinfusion of approximately 2.26 x 10(8)/kg unselected nucleated cells. Earlier recovery may be triggered by components other than the progenitors included in the CD34+ cell population. Sustained hematopoietic recovery can also be achieved with CD34(+)-selected PBSC alone. Dosing of G-CSF on a bid schedule generates higher CD34+ cell yield in the leukapheresis product. Whether even earlier "sacrificial" reinfusion of approximately 2 x 10(8)/kg unselected nucleated cells concomitant with the administration of high-dose chemotherapy would reduce the duration of absolute granulocytopenia further while initiating sustained long-term hematopoietic recovery will require further investigation.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
9057632
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"