JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Multifocal motor neuropathy

G J Biessels, H Franssen, L H van den Berg, A Gibson, L J Kappelle, G S Venables, J H Wokke
Journal of Neurology 1997, 244 (3): 143-52
9050954
We present a review of the literature on multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN), a rare neurological disorder which has features in common with both chronic inflammatory demyelinating neuropathy and lower motor neuron disease. Clinically, MMN is characterised by slowly progressive asymmetrical limb weakness, usually most prominent in the forearms. Weakness may be associated with muscle wasting, fasciculations and decreased tendon reflexes. Serum anti-GM1 ganglioside antibody titres may be increased. The diagnostic hallmark of MMN is the electrophysiological demonstration of persistent localised motor conduction blocks, with otherwise normal or near-normal motor and sensory conduction velocities. The pathogenesis of MMN has not been elucidated completely. There is, however, substantial evidence for an autoimmune mechanism. Based on the possible involvement of the immune system in the pathogenesis of MMN the therapeutic efficacy of several immunomodulatory drugs has been tested. Treatment of MMN patients with human immunoglobulin or cyclophosphamide is usually followed by a marked improvement of strength. The finding that MMN is a potentially treatable disorder underscores the importance of distinguishing MMN from lower motor neuron disease, for which no effective therapy is currently available.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
9050954
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"