Natural history of arterial injuries diagnosed with arteriography

E K Hoffer, S J Sclafani, M M Herskowitz, T M Scalea
Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR 1997, 8 (1 Pt 1): 43-53

PURPOSE: To evaluate the natural history of untreated arterial injuries identified at arteriography.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical charts and radiographs were reviewed for all patients with arterial injuries identified during arteriography who were managed by means of nonoperative observation and underwent follow-up arteriography.

RESULTS: Eighty-six nonrandomized patients with 105 arterial injuries were identified. These included 33 narrowed segments, two dilated segments, 23 intimal defects, 13 occlusions, 12 false aneurysms, 13 arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs), and five extravasations. Four vessels initially considered normal were subsequently found to have injuries. The average duration of observation was 23.5 days (range, 1-1,900 days). Forty-two arterial abnormalities healed spontaneously without other intervention. Thirty-eight "minimal" injuries improved or healed, whereas 25 worsened. Thirteen transmural injuries improved, whereas 12 progressed. There was no significant morbidity or mortality due to the delay involved with sequential studies.

CONCLUSIONS: The natural history of these abnormalities was variable and unpredictable. Nonocclusive "minimal" injuries rarely cause ischemic or hemorrhagic complications. Although symptomatic AVFs have a low probability of spontaneous resolution, asymptomatic lesions may close and the risks associated with a few months of observation are minimal. Close follow-up is essential if a nonoperative approach is undertaken.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.