Efficacy of prophylactic aerosol amphotericin B lipid complex in a rat model of pulmonary aspergillosis

C E Cicogna, M H White, E M Bernard, T Ishimura, M Sun, W P Tong, D Armstrong
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 1997, 41 (2): 259-61
Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality among transplant recipients and patients receiving cancer chemotherapy. The lipid-associated formulation of amphotericin B (AmB), AmB lipid complex (ABLC), was evaluated for its prophylactic efficacy when it was administered as an aerosol in a rat model of pulmonary aspergillosis. Aerosol ABLC (aero-ABLC), in doses from 0.4 to 1.6 mg/kg of body weight given 2 days before infection, significantly delayed mortality compared to the mortality of rats given placebo (P < 0.001). At day 10 postinfection, 50% of rats in the 0.4-mg/kg group and 75% of rats in the 1.6-mg/kg group were alive, while all control animals had died. In a second trial aero-ABLC was more effective than an equivalent dose of aerosol AmB (aero-AmB) in prolonging survival, with 100% survival at day 14 postinfection in the ABLC group, compared to 62.5% survival in the AmB group. Mean concentrations of AmB in lungs were 3.7 times higher at day 1 (P < 0.002) and almost six times higher at day 7 (P < 0.001) after treatment with aero-ABLC than after treatment with a similar dose of aero-AmB. We conclude that aero-ABLC provided higher and more prolonged levels of the parent compound in the lungs than aero-AmB and was more effective in delaying mortality from aspergillosis in this model.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"