HLA-DR, DQ and anti-GAD antibodies in first degree relatives of type I diabetes mellitus

M Serrano-Ríos, M D Gutierrez-López, F Pérez-Bravo, M T Martínez, J Antona, M Rowley, I Mackay, P Zimmet
Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 1996, 34 Suppl: S133-9
The differential antibody response to glutamic acid decarboxylase (anti-GAD) and to islet cell cytoplasm (ICA) according to HLA-DR and DQ genotypes were examined in 28 Spanish patients with Type I diabetes mellitus (11.1 +/- 10.4 year diabetes duration) and their 41 first degree non-diabetic relatives. Anti-GAD was detected by radioimmunoprecipitation and ICA by indirect immunofluorescence and HLA-DR/DQ alleles were assigned by PCR and sequence specific oligonucleotide probes. The frequency in patients of positivity for ICA was 7.1% and of anti-GAD+ 64.3%, and in relatives, the frequency of ICA+ was 4.9%, and anti-GAD+ 9.8%. Concurrent positivity for ICA and anti-GAD existed in only one patient, and in none of the relatives. We confirm for a Spanish population the high frequency of risk genotypes for Type I, involving DR3, DR4 and DQB1*0302 (DQ8) which were present in 26 of 28 (93%) patients and 32 of 41 (78%) relatives. The most frequent genotypes were DR3/DQB1*0201/DQA1*0501-DR4/DQB1*0302/DQA1*0301( 9 patients, 32%; 6 relatives, 15%), DR3/DQB1*0201/ DQA1*0501-DR3/DQB1*0201/DQA1*0501 (5 patients, 18%; 7 relatives, 17%) and DE3/DQB1*0201/DQA1*0501-DR1/ DQB1*0501/DQA1*0101(5 patients, 18%; 1 relative, 2%). Positivity for anti-GAD or for ICA did not correlate with gender, or age at onset or duration of DM. The distribution of high risk HLA genotypes were similar regardless the anti-GAD or anti-ICA status either in patients or in their relatives.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"