Takayasu's arteritis: evaluation with three-dimensional time-of-flight MR angiography

S Kumar, S Radhakrishnan, R V Phadke, R K Gupta, R Gujral
European Radiology 1997, 7 (1): 44-50
Three-dimensional time-of-flight MR angiography was performed in 16 patients with Takayasu's arteritis. Two regions were evaluated, the arch of aorta and its intrathoracic major branches, and the abdominal aorta with proximal portions of its major visceral and renal branches. Individual arteries and aortic segments, i. e. aortic arch and abdominal aorta, were evaluated for abnormalities such as stenosis, occlusion, dilatation and aneurysm formation. The results were compared with contrast angiography. Follow-up MR angiography was performed in three patients after 9-12 months. MR angiography demonstrated steno-occlusive lesions in all the patients and aneurysms in 2. In comparison with contrast angiography, good correlation was found in 129 of the 145 arteries and aortic segments. For the 12 false-positive results, incorrect slab placement and overestimation of stenosis were implicated. Interestingly, there were three false-negative results and one occlusion was underestimated as stenosis. A new lesion developed in 1 patient and one stenosis progressed in another patient upon follow-up. Three-dimensional time-of-flight MR angiography is a simple and fairly accurate method for documenting the lesions in Takayasu's arteritis and for its follow-up.

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