Randomization test for coupled data

B D Zumbo
Perception & Psychophysics 1996, 58 (3): 471-8
Coupled data arise in perceptual research when subjects are contributing two scores to the data pool. These two scores, it can be reasonably argued, cannot be assumed to be independent of one another; therefore, special treatment is needed when performing statistical inference. This paper shows how the Type I error rate of randomization-based inference is affected by coupled data. It is demonstrated through Monte Carlo simulation that a randomization test behaves much like its parametric counterpart except that, for the randomization test, a negative correlation results in an inflation in the Type I error rate. A new randomization test, the couplet-referenced randomization test, is developed and shown to work for sample sizes of 8 or more observations. An example is presented to demonstrate the computation and interpretation of the new randomization test.

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