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Unusual pattern of enhancement in cryptococcal meningitis: in vivo findings with postmortem correlation

L Arnder, M Castillo, E R Heinz, J H Scatliff, D Enterline
Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography 1996, 20 (6): 1023-6
Leptomeningeal enhancement on CT and MR imaging studies secondary to cryptococcal meningitis is an uncommon finding. In immunocompromised patients, this meningitis incites only a mild inflammatory reaction and abnormalities are often absent on imaging studies. We recently encountered two patients with cryptococcal meningitis in whom postcontrast MR imaging showed thick enhancing subarachnoid spaces. Both had cryptococcal meningitis at autopsy. In a different patient with cryptococcal meningitis, postmortem MR imaging and pathologic examinations showed that these areas of enhancement correspond to abundant mucoid material secreted by the yeasts.

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