[Nasoenteral tube feeding in hyperemesis gravidarum. An alternative to parenteral nutrition]

J Trovik, K Haram, A Berstad, H Flaatten
Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lægeforening: Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Række 1996 August 30, 116 (20): 2442-4
A severe form of hyperemesis gravidarum involving maternal weight loss greater than 5% of the prepregnant weight occurs in up to 0.1-0.2% of all pregnancies and may lead to retarded foetal growth. Treatment consists of hospitalisation, antiemetics and correction of fluid and electrolyte deficiencies. If severe vomiting and weight loss continues, the mother must receive supplementary nutrition, usually parenteral. Nasoenteral tube feeding is a well documented method of nutrition for other patients. A gastroscopically placed nasojejunal tube as part of the treatment of hyperemesis gravidarum has not been reviewed before. Seven women with severe hyperemesis gravidarum were treated with nasojejunal tube feeding. The tube was positioned gastroscopically. Enteral feeding continued for up to 41 days, leading to reasonable weight gain. The tube was tolerated well by most patients and no serious adverse effects were seen. Nasoenteral nutrition ought to be considered as an alternative to parenteral nutrition for treatment of hyperemesis gravidarum.

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