Urinary beta 2-microglobulin as a marker for vesicoureteral reflux

F K Assadi
Pediatric Nephrology 1996, 10 (5): 642-4
To determine whether urinary beta 2-microglobulin (beta 2 M) excretion would be elevated in patients with severity of vesicoureteral reflux, urinary beta 2 M/creatinine (Cr) ratios were measured on random urine samples in 56 children with various grades of reflux. Results were compared with ratios of 39 nonrefluxing patients matched for age and gender. Patients with evidence of renal insufficiency or urinary tract infection were excluded. Bladder urine was obtained at the time of the vesicoureterogram. Reflux was graded using the International Reflux Classification System. The mean urinary beta 2 M/Cr ratio was higher in the refluxing group (1.82 +/- 0.6 micrograms/mg Cr) than in the nonrefluxing control group (0.54 +/- 0.09 microgram/mg Cr. P < 0.01). When the mean urinary beta 2 M/Cr ratios were compared for each grade of reflux with the nonrefluxing control group, patients with grade IV and V reflux had significantly higher urinary beta 2 M/Cr values than the nonrefluxing patients (2.83 +/- 0.71 micrograms/mg Cr and 4.61 +/- 0.65 micrograms/mg Cr, P < 0.001, respectively). No patient with grade I, II, or III reflux had a urinary beta 2 M/Cr ratio above 0.92 microgram/mg Cr. Statistical analysis revealed no significant differences among the mean beta 2 M/Cr ratio for grade I (0.53 +/- 0.08), II (0.51 +/- 0.09), or III (0.59 +/- 0.17) refluxers or the nonrefluxing controls. Therefore, urinary beta 2 M/Cr ratios are increased in children with a high grade of reflux. Such values may be useful in the early detection of tubular damage in patients with vesicoureteral reflux.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"