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Fungal endocarditis--a report on seven cases and a brief review.

Infection 1996 January
Candida endocarditis is an unusual but severe complication of systemic infection caused by Candida albicans and occasionally by other fungal species. We describe seven cases that occurred during a period of 20 years in western Sweden. In four cases infections were located on prosthetic valves and in three cases native valves were involved. Three patients died of the disease in the acute phase. A definite diagnosis was established in one of four survivors. This patient had an aortic valve endocarditis and a saddle embolisation and was treated with immediate surgery, followed by intensive treatment with liposomal amphotericin B+ flucytosine. Fungal endocarditis is still a serious disease with a high mortality and whenever the diagnosis is suspected, antifungal therapy must be started and transesophageal sonography should be performed to visualize vegetations. Immediate surgery should be considered.

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