JOURNAL ARTICLE

Laparoscopic lumbar diskectomy: preliminary report of a minimally invasive anterior approach to the herniated L5-S1 disk

G J Slotman, S C Stein
Surgical Laparoscopy & Endoscopy 1995, 5 (5): 363-9
8845980
Approximately 300,000 patients each year in the United States undergo laminectomy for disabling lumbar disk herniation. Postlaminectomy hospitalization is 3-7 days and convalescence may be prolonged. As an alternative to laminectomy, we have developed a technique for performing L5-S1 lumbar diskectomy laparoscopically. Using an anterior approach, the intervertebral disk space is opened and the diskectomy is performed under direct videolaparoscopic imaging. After pneumoperitoneum is established, the patient is placed in a steep Trendelenburg position. The small bowel is retracted cephalad and the colon moved to the left. The iliac vessels are identified visually and by Doppler probe. Then the presacral space is dissected in the midline to expose the L5-S1 disk. The disk annulus is opened with the Nd:YAG contact laser (four cases) or the harmonic scalpel (three cases). Diskectomy is performed under direct videolaparoscopic vision using standard neurosurgical instruments modified for laparoscopy. The posterior longitudinal ligament can be visualized directly to define the posterior limits of the completed diskectomy. Laparoscopy lumbar diskectomy has been performed on seven patients (five male, two female). No perioperative complications occurred. All seven patients had immediate relief of back pain after laparoscopic lumbar diskectomy. Five patients were discharged the next day and two on the second postoperative day. L5-S1 laparoscopic lumbar diskectomy is feasible and safe. It may be an effective minimally invasive alternative to laminectomy.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
8845980
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.