Rocuronium priming of atracurium-induced neuromuscular blockade: the use of short priming intervals

M Abdulatif, A al-Ghamdi, M el-Sanabary
Journal of Clinical Anesthesia 1996, 8 (5): 376-81

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of priming doses of rocuronium on the duration of priming interval and on the outcome of priming sequence using rocuronium-atracurium combination.

DESIGN: Three phase, randomized, controlled study.

SETTING: Inpatient anesthesia in a university hospital.

PATIENTS: 144 ASA physical status I and II patients, 19 to 57 years of age, weighing 50 to 90 kg, and undergoing low-risk elective surgery.

INTERVENTIONS: Phase I, two equal groups (n = 12) of adult patients anesthetized with propofol, fentanyl, and nitrous oxide (N2O), received a priming dose of rocuronium 0.1 mg/kg or vecuronium 0.015 mg/kg. Phase II included six equal groups (n = 12): Groups 1, 2, and 3 received a priming dose of rocuronium 0.1 mg/kg and atracurium 0.42 mg/kg for intubation. The priming intervals were, respectively, 1, 1.5, or 2 minutes in Groups 1, 2, and 3. Groups 4, 5, and 6 received, respectively, a bolus dose of rocuronium 0.6 mg/kg, atracurium 0.5 mg/kg, or succinylcholine 1 mg/kg. Intubation was performed at maximum block. Phase III included four equal groups (n = 12). A priming dose of rocuronium 0.1 mg/kg (Group 1) or a placebo (Groups 2, 3, and 4) was given to awake patients. Anesthesia was induced during the one-minute priming interval. Intubating doses of atracurium 0.42 mg/kg, rocuronium 0.6 mg/kg, atracurium 0.5 mg/kg, or succinylcholine 1 mg/kg were given to Groups 1, 2, 3, and 4, respectively. Intubation was attempted 1 minute after intubating doses were administered.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Adductor pollicis response to train-of-four stimulation was recorded mechanically in Phases I and II only. The priming interval after rocuronium 0.1 mg/kg was in the range of 1 to 2 minutes. Priming doses of rocuronium resulted in significant acceleration in the onset time of intubating doses of atracurium, irrespective of the duration of the priming interval. The onset times [mean (SD)] following rocuronium-atracurium sequence in Groups 1, 2, and 3 were, respectively, 67 (17), 73 (14), and 66 (18) seconds and were comparable with the onset of bolus doses of rocuronium and succinylcholine. In Phase II, good to excellent intubating conditions were obtained in 41% to 58% of patients included in Groups 1 through 5. Excellent to good intubating conditions were obtained in all patients (100%) who received succinylcholine. In Phase III, good to excellent intubating conditions were obtained in 91% of patients who received recuronium-atracurium sequence. Symptoms of muscle weakness were not reported.

CONCLUSIONS: Priming doses of recuroniums 0.1 mg/kg reduce the priming interval to 1 minute, allow early induction of anesthesia, eliminate patient discomfort, and accelerate the onset time of altracurium with intubating conditions comparable with succinylcholine and rocuronium.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"