Massive hemoptysis due to pulmonary tuberculosis: control with bronchial artery embolization

R Ramakantan, V G Bandekar, M S Gandhi, B G Aulakh, H L Deshmukh
Radiology 1996, 200 (3): 691-4

PURPOSE: To determine the efficacy of bronchial artery embolization in the control of massive hemoptysis due to pulmonary tuberculosis.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 1988 and 1994, 140 patients (125 men and 15 women; mean age, 31.5 years) who presented with massive hemoptysis (more than 300 mL of blood in 24 hours) underwent bronchial artery embolization. Fifty-one patients had received no antituberculosis drugs. Bronchial artery embolization was performed on the side with the greater abnormality on the chest radiograph. Catheters (4 F) and a gelatin sponge were used for embolization. Inflammatory hypervascularity was seen in all patients (five patients had contrast material extravasation and 10 patients had pseudoaneurysms).

RESULTS: Almost complete control of hemoptysis was achieved in 102 patients. Of the remaining 38 patients with a notable amount of bleeding after the procedure, 29 were treated successfully with conservative measures and nine underwent re-embolization. Seven patients who underwent re-embolization had recurrent bleeding; four of these patients underwent successful surgery, and three died of aspiration. Two patients developed transient paraparesis 6 hours after the procedure. Nine patients reported transient referred pain to the ipsilateral orbit during injection of the gelatin sponge. One patient had transient dysphagia.

CONCLUSION: Patients with massive hemoptysis due to pulmonary tuberculosis should first be treated with bronchial artery embolization.


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"