Obstruction of the nasal valve

S Elwany, H Thabet
Journal of Laryngology and Otology 1996, 110 (3): 221-4
Obstruction of the nasal valve is an important cause of chronic nasal obstruction in adults. In a series of 500 patients, obstruction at the level of the nasal valve was diagnosed in 65 of them (13 per cent). The obstruction was unilateral in 57 patients (88 per cent). Forty-seven patients (72 per cent) had history of previous nasal surgery of accidental trauma. Causes of obstruction of the nasal valve included high septal deviations, a weak or deformed upper lateral cartilage, adhesions, and alar collapse. All patients underwent corrective nasal surgery and the surgical procedures were tailored according to the existing pathology. Post-operatively, the mean nasal patency score increased from 2.9 to 8.6, the mean nasal airflow increased from 579.5 to 727 cm/sec (at 150 Pa), and the mean nasal resistance decreased from 0.31 to 0.23 Pa/cm3 sec-1.

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