[The participation of physical activity and its associated factors in the elderly]

R S Wang, C J Chiou
Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences 1996, 12 (6): 348-58
The purpose of this study was to explore the participation of physical activity and its related factors in the elderly in the community. Five hundred elderly ( > or = 65 yrs) living in the San-Min district of Kaohsiung city was taken as study subjects. A structured questionnaire was used to gather data including the following items: (1) the participation of physical activity (2) modifying factors: demographic data, biological characteristics, previous experience in exercise and exercise knowledge (3) cognitive-perceptual factors: perceived health status, perceived self-efficacy, perceived benefits and perceived barriers to exercise (4) cues to action. The results showed 19.2% of the elderly never exercised, 15.9% had exercised previously but not now, 20.4% exercised intermittently, 1% exercised only on holidays and 43.8% exercised regularly. Within the elderly who exercised regularly, 89.2% exercised more than three times a week and at least 20 minutes each time, walking was the most popular exercise pattern. The participation of physical activity had significant relationship with modifying factors, cognitive-perceptual factors and cues to action. After logistic stepwise multiple regression, those who totally self-care, without a history of exercise injury during youth, male, higher perceived self-efficacy score, lower perceived barriers score and those with higher cues to action score tended to exercise regularly.

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