JOURNAL ARTICLE

Thoracic aorta injuries: management and outcome of 144 patients

J P Hunt, C C Baker, C W Lentz, R R Rutledge, D W Oller, K M Flowe, D A Nayduch, C Smith, T V Clancy, M H Thomason, J W Meredith
Journal of Trauma 1996, 40 (4): 547-55; discussion 555-6
8614031
Rupture of the thoracic aorta from blunt injury is often lethal. Methods of operative repair vary, based on the surgeon's preference and circumstances. The primary hypothesis of this study was that operative management choices would correlate with outcome. Data on demographics, injury mechanism, initial evaluation, diagnostic procedures, operative treatment, and outcome were obtained from chart review at the state's eight trauma centers. Rates of paraplegia and survival were compared for different methods of operative repair. Of 63,507 hospitalized trauma patients, 144 patients sustained thoracic aortic injury (incidence = 0.23%). Sixty-four died (44.1%), most of whom died in the emergency department (26) or the operating room (12). Eighty-six patients had complete operative data for analysis, including cross-clamp time and methods of repair. No patient in the group with a cross-clamp time of less than 35 minutes developed paraplegia (p = 0.02). For the patients with longer cross-clamp times, 6 of 14 patients (42.9%) undergoing clamp and sew repair developed paraplegia, as compared to 2 of 37 patients (5.4%) repaired on bypass (p = 0.005). This study suggests that the rate of paraplegia after repair of thoracic aortic injury can be minimized with short cross-clamp times or the use of bypass when long cross-clamp times can be anticipated.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
8614031
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"