JOURNAL ARTICLE
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Radiotherapy with iodine-131 in recurrent malignant struma ovarii.

Malignant struma ovarii is a very rare disease and, therefore, there is neither common agreement on treatment regimens nor sufficient follow-up experience. We present a case of a 49-year-old woman with malignant struma ovarii of the follicular type, who received ablative radioiodine treatment after thyroidectomy and surgical removal of the primary tumour. During follow-up examinations an increasing thyroglobulin level was found, caused by a tumour relapse with suspected urinary bladder infiltration on CT and proven uptake of radioiodine on whole-body scanning with iodine-131. After administration of 6GBq 131I, complete tumour regression was achieved with no evidence of a new relapse during a 30-month follow-up period. Correspondingly, repeated thyroglobulin measurements were all negative. This case demonstrates the benefit of combined surgical and radioiodine treatment of malignant struma ovarii for both monitoring and therapy of relapse or metastases; thus, the same therapeutic regimen as is employed in primary differentiated thyroid carcinoma may be recommended.

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