JOURNAL ARTICLE
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Sociodemographic and clinical variables modifying the smoking-related risk of low birth weight.

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the sociodemographic and clinical variables modifying the smoking-related risk of low birth weight (< 2500 g).

METHOD: This case-control study included a population of 967 singleton low birth weight deliveries and 967 selected controls. Unconditional logistic regression analysis was used to test statistical significance of the interactions between smoking in pregnancy and other risk factors for low birth weight.

RESULTS: Increasing maternal age and parity potentiate the smoking-related risk of a low birth weight infant. The effect of maternal smoking on the risk of low birth weight was significantly increased in patients with a history of previous spontaneous abortion (excess risk 2.30, 95% C.I. 1.24-4.27) and in patients of high compared with patients of intermediate or low social class (excess risk 1.97, 95% C.I. 1.1-3.57). Smokers with less than two prenatal visits per trimester were at significantly greater risk of delivering a low birth weight infant (excess risk 2.36, 95% C.I. 1.14-4.87) than their counterparts with more frequent prenatal visits. Among clinical variables, the effect of maternal smoking on the risk of low birth weight was significantly increased in women with a history of first trimester hemorrhage during the current pregnancy (excess risk 2.67, 95% C.I. 1.30-5.49).

CONCLUSIONS: The smoking-related risk of low birth weight is very high in some subgroups of women. Identification of these subgroups could be important for prenatal counseling.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app