JOURNAL ARTICLE
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Ultrasound and the Pavlik harness in CDH.

Sixty-nine hips in 62 patients were treated by the Pavlik harness for congenital dislocation. Ultrasonography showed three degrees of residual head displacement when the harness was first applied. In type A, the femoral head showed contact with the inner posterior wall of the acetabulum. In type B, it contacted the posterior margin of the socket, with its centre at or anterior to the acetabular rim. In type C, the femoral head was displaced outside the socket, with its centre posterior to the acetabular rim. All 51 hips with type A displacement remained reduced. Of nine hips of type B, five were reduced, but the other four were not. None of the nine hips with type C dislocation became reduced with continued use of the harness. The Pavlik harness is indicated for type A and some type B dislocations, but the latter need daily ultrasound monitoring, with a change in method of treatment if type C displacement appears or if the hip is not reduced within one or two weeks. Treatment by Pavlik harness is not indicated in hips with type C dislocations.

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