Monofilament versus multifilament absorbable sutures for abdominal closure

S Sahlin, J Ahlberg, L Granström, K G Ljungström
British Journal of Surgery 1993, 80 (3): 322-4
This study compares monofilament continuous absorbable sutures with multifilament interrupted absorbable sutures for abdominal closure. Before closure of an abdominal incision, 988 patients were randomized to receive either a monofilament polyglyconate (Maxon) or a multifilament polyglactin 910 (Vicryl) suture. At 1 year after operation, 684 patients (69 per cent) were examined for the presence of incisional hernia, sinus and other wound-healing problems; 179 (18 per cent) had died and 125 (13 per cent) did not attend for follow-up. Incisional hernia occurred in 8 per cent of patients receiving monofilament continuous sutures compared with 6 per cent of those having multifilament interrupted closure (P not significant). Wound dehiscence occurred in 1 per cent of both groups. The mean time for suturing was 7.1 min for monofilament continuous and 8.7 min for multifilament interrupted sutures (P < 0.001). It is concluded that closure of an abdominal incision can be effected by a monofilament continuous absorbable suture more quickly than by multifilament interrupted absorbable sutures without an increased risk of wound dehiscence or incisional hernia.

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