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Ocular motility disorders secondary to sinus surgery

R B Penne, J C Flanagan, M A Stefanyszyn, T Nowinski
Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 1993, 9 (1): 53-61
Sinus surgery has multiple potential ocular complications including visual loss, diplopia, infection, hemorrhage, and epiphora. We report six patients with ocular motility problems secondary to sinus surgery, review the literature on ocular motility disorders secondary to sinus surgery, and propose an approach for management of those ocular motility problems following sinus surgery. Intranasal sinus surgery was found to be the most common procedure resulting in injury to an extraocular muscle and the ethmoid sinus the most common structure being operated on when injury occurred. The medial rectus was the muscle most commonly injured and it had the poorest prognosis for recovery of functional vision free of diplopia. Optimal timing for repair depends on the structure injured, but early recognition and management appear to be a key to the best outcome for these injuries.

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