JOURNAL ARTICLE

Chronic peritoneal dialysis catheters in pediatric patients: experience of the Italian Registry of Pediatric Chronic Peritoneal Dialysis

E Verrina, F Perfumo, G Zacchello, A Edefonti, S Bassi, G Capasso, D A Caringella, A Castellani, L Longo, S Rinaldi
Peritoneal Dialysis International 1993, 13: S254-6
8399581
During the period 1986-1991, 140 pediatric patients [age < or = 15 years at the start of chronic peritoneal dialysis (CPD)], belonging to 15 dialysis centers, were enrolled in the Italian Registry of Pediatric Chronic Peritoneal Dialysis. Data on 188 peritoneal catheters were collected: 161 catheters were Tenckhoff (144 double-cuff, 17 single-cuff), and 27 were two-cuff Valli-type catheters. All catheters were surgically inserted; the entry site was in the midline in 84 cases and paramedian in 104. An omentectomy was performed in 78.8% of the cases. Apart from peritonitis, there were 161 catheter-related complications (103 exit-site infections, 17 leakages, 15 obstructions, 15 outer-cuff extrusions, 5 hemoperitoneum, 6 others) observed during 2687.5 dialysis-months, with an incidence of one complication every 16.7 dialysis-months. Fifty-five catheters (29.2%) were removed; infection (39 cases) was the main cause for removal, followed by obstruction (9 cases), dislocation, and outer-cuff extrusion (2 cases each). Actuarial survival of all catheters was 79.7% at 1 year, 66.6% at 2 years, 42.8% at 3 years, and 39.8% at 4 years. No difference in catheter survival was observed according to the entry site. When considering the age of the patients at catheter insertion, a difference close to statistical significance was found (p = 0.06).

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
8399581
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"