Chronic peritoneal dialysis catheters in pediatric patients: experience of the Italian Registry of Pediatric Chronic Peritoneal Dialysis

E Verrina, F Perfumo, G Zacchello, A Edefonti, S Bassi, G Capasso, D A Caringella, A Castellani, L Longo, S Rinaldi
Peritoneal Dialysis International 1993, 13: S254-6
During the period 1986-1991, 140 pediatric patients [age < or = 15 years at the start of chronic peritoneal dialysis (CPD)], belonging to 15 dialysis centers, were enrolled in the Italian Registry of Pediatric Chronic Peritoneal Dialysis. Data on 188 peritoneal catheters were collected: 161 catheters were Tenckhoff (144 double-cuff, 17 single-cuff), and 27 were two-cuff Valli-type catheters. All catheters were surgically inserted; the entry site was in the midline in 84 cases and paramedian in 104. An omentectomy was performed in 78.8% of the cases. Apart from peritonitis, there were 161 catheter-related complications (103 exit-site infections, 17 leakages, 15 obstructions, 15 outer-cuff extrusions, 5 hemoperitoneum, 6 others) observed during 2687.5 dialysis-months, with an incidence of one complication every 16.7 dialysis-months. Fifty-five catheters (29.2%) were removed; infection (39 cases) was the main cause for removal, followed by obstruction (9 cases), dislocation, and outer-cuff extrusion (2 cases each). Actuarial survival of all catheters was 79.7% at 1 year, 66.6% at 2 years, 42.8% at 3 years, and 39.8% at 4 years. No difference in catheter survival was observed according to the entry site. When considering the age of the patients at catheter insertion, a difference close to statistical significance was found (p = 0.06).

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