JOURNAL ARTICLE

Studies on oral contraceptive-induced changes in blood coagulation and fibrinolysis and the estrogen effect on endothelial cells

P Quehenberger, S Kapiotis, C Pärtan, B Schneider, R Wenzel, A Gaiger, W Speiser
Annals of Hematology 1993, 67 (1): 33-6
8392873
Blood coagulation (fibrinogen, thrombin-antithrombin III complexes, TAT, and prothrombin fragment F1 + 2) and fibrinolytic parameters [fibrin split-product D-dimer, tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) activity, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 activity (PAI-1), and plasmin-antiplasmin-complexes (PAP)] were evaluated in 16 women on low estrogen (EE) oral contraceptive (OC) therapy. Blood samples were taken before and between days 18 and 22 of the first, third, and sixth treatment cycle. Fibrinogen levels were found significantly elevated during OC treatment compared with pretreatment values, while TAT and also F1 + 2 levels remained unchanged. Treatment-induced activation of fibrinolysis was documented by elevated D-dimer [pretreatment (pt): 172 ng/ml (range: 65-640 ng/ml), cycle 6 (c.6): 351 ng/ml (range: 93-960 ng/ml), p < 0.05)] and PAP [(pt: 46.6 ng/ml (13-220 ng/ml), c.6: 66.4 ng/ml (21-200 ng/ml), p < 0.05] plasma levels. Among the fibrinolytic components a decrease in PAI-1 [pt: 10.8 ng/ml (2-56 ng/ml), c.6: 5.3 ng/ml (2.2-14.4 ng/ml), p < 0.05] and an increase in t-PA activity [pt: 0.23 U/ml (0.17-0.45 U/ml), c.6: 0.33 U/ml (0.2-0.9 U/ml), p < 0.05] were detected. Experiments with cultured human endothelial cells (EC) showed that EE influenced neither EC hemostatic regulatory activities (tissue factor, thrombomodulin) nor the secretion of the fibrinolytic components t-PA and PAI-1.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
8392873
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"