JOURNAL ARTICLE

Activation of coagulation and fibrinolysis in patients with lung cancer: relation to tumour stage and prognosis

R Seitz, N Rappe, M Kraus, A Immel, M Wolf, M Maasberg, R Egbring, R Pfab, K Havemann
Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis: An International Journal in Haemostasis and Thrombosis 1993, 4 (2): 249-54
8388741
Activation of coagulation and fibrinolysis within tumour tissues is thought to be associated with tumour growth, angiogenesis, and metastasis. The plasma levels of markers of thrombin and plasmin generation are sensitive tools for monitoring activation of coagulation and fibrinolysis. We studied 47 patients with histologically confirmed lung cancer, 15 with small cell (SCLC) and 32 with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The plasma levels of the following markers were assessed:thrombin-antithrombin III complex (TAT), prothrombin activation fragment F1 + 2, plasmin-alpha 2-antiplasmin complex (PAP) and the split product from cross-linked fibrin, D-dimer. The first sample was obtained before receiving any specific antineoplastic treatment. The patients were followed thereafter until treatment was terminated. There was no difference in activation markers between patients with SCLC and NSCLC. Comparing patients with limited disease to those with extensive disease, there were significant differences in TAT (median 3.0 (1.9-9.8) vs 5.3 (1.8-35.6) micrograms/l,P = 0.021) and D-dimer (569 (135-1948) vs 1288 (120-2221) micrograms/l, P = 0.014). According to the response to subsequent treatment, those who achieved complete or partial tumour remission had significantly lower baseline levels samples than non-responders (TAT 2.9 (1.9-4.0) vs 4.7 (1.8-35.6) micrograms/l,P = 0.0047;D-dimer 527 (135-1149) vs 1242 (120-2221) micrograms/l, P = 0.0013). Thus, the increase of TAT and D-dimer appears to be related to tumour spread. The results suggest that high levels of these markers might be a sign of unfavourable prognosis in patients with lung cancer.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
8388741
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"